Farm Bill Terms


Here are a number of terms that have specific definitions for their Farm Bill programs. 

Fuel derived from renewable biomass other than corn kernel starch. Includes biofuel derived from sugar and starch other than corn kernel starch, renewable biodiesel, biogas produced from organic matter, as well as other fuels (e.g., home heating fuels, and aviation and jet fuels) from cellulosic biomass (including organic waste material). 

Advanced Biofuel

All-Milk Price

The national average price received per cwt. of milk by dairy producers

Average Feed Costs

The average price paid for feed used by a dairy operation to produce a cwt. of milk, as determined by the formula—1.0728 x (corn price per bu.) + 0.00735 x (soybean meal price per ton) + 0.0137 x (alfalfa hay price per ton). Th calculations are made from the corn and alfalfa hay monthly prices received as reported by USDA in Agricultural Prices. The soybean meal price is the monthly price for central Illinois as reported by USDA in Market News.

A commercial or industrial product—i.e., intermediate, feedstock, or end product (other than food or feed)— composed in whole or in part of biological products including renewable agricultural and forestry materials.

Biobased Product


A fuel derived from renewable biomass.

Biomass Conversion Facility

A facility that converts renewable biomass into heat, power, biobased products, or advanced biofuels. 


A facility (including equipment and processes) that converts renewable biomass into biofuels and biobased products, and may produce electricity.  

Covered Commodities

These are the commodities covered by the Farm Bill's payment programs: wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, long grain rice, medium grain rice, soybeans, other oilseeds, dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, large chickpeas and peanuts.

Dairy Operations

An individual or entity that shares in the pooling of resources and a common ownership structure, the risk of producing milk, and contributes land, labor, management, equipment, or capital to the dairy operations. 

Renewable Biomass

Includes- ( A) materials, pre-commercial thinnings, or invasive species from National Forest System land and public lands that are: byproducts of designated preventive treatments (removed to reduce hazardous fuels, to reduce or to contain disease or insect infestation, or to restore ecosystem health), not used for higher value products, and harvested in accordance with applicable law and land management plans and requirements for old-growth maintenance, restoration, and management and large-tree retention, or (B) any organic matter available on a recurring basis from non-federal or Indian land including: renewable plant material (including agricultural commodities, plants and trees, and algae) and waste material (including crop residue, vegetative waste, wood waste and residues, animal waste and byproducts, and food and yard waste). 

Renewable Energy

Energy derived from a wind, solar, renewable biomass, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal, or hydroelectric source.  

Rural (as defined by ConAct)

Any area other than a city or town with a population greater than 50,000 and the urbanized area contiguous and adjacent to such a city or town. 

For community facility loana and grant programa: any area other than a town or city with a population greater than 20,000.

Veteran Farmer or Rancher

A person who has served in the Armed Forces and who 1) has not operated a farm or ranch, or 2) has not operated a farm or ranch for not more than 10 years.