Horticulture Programs

Title 10 is where you'll find the most programs supporting specialty crops including organics and local foods.

The Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004

aka Specialty Crop Block Grant Program

Purpose: Authorizes block grants to states to support projects in marketing, research, pest management, and food safety among other purposes. This program is administered by the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). 
Funding: $72.5 million annually (FY2014-2017) and $85 million for FY2018 and each fiscal year thereafter. Funding for multistate project grants shall remain available until expended: $1 million (FY2014); $2 million (FY2015); $3 million (FY 2016); $4 million (FY2017); and $5 million (FY2018) 
History: Pub.L. 108-465 was passed by Congress and signed into law by the President on December 21, 2004. It was amended by the 2008 Farm Bill. (GovTrack.US)
Original Sponsor: Representative Doug Ose (R-CA 3rd District)
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service Program Page, as well as the grants awarded since 2006
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition

National Organic Program (NOP)

Farmers’ Market & Local Food Promotion Program

Purpose: To increase domestic consumption of and access to locally and regionally produced agricultural products, and to develop new market opportunities for farm and ranch operations serving local markets; and to promote farmers' market stands, roadside stands, community-supported agriculture programs, agri-tourism programs, and other direct producer-to-consumer market opportunities. These programs are administered by the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). 
Funding: $30 million in mandatory funding annually (FY2014 through FY2018) and authorizes appropriations of $10 million each year (F Y2014-F Y2018). 50% the available funds must be for respectively: (1) domestic farmers’ markets, roadside stands, community- supported agriculture programs, agritourism activities, and other direct producer-to-consumer market opportunities; and (2) local and regional food business enterprises.
History: Promoting domestic consumption and access to locally and regionally produced agricultural products has been policy since the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1946. These programs are considered amendments to Section 5 of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976, Pub.L. 94-463
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service's Farmers Market Promotion Program Page and the Local Food Promotion Program Page
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition
Purpose: Develops and enforces national standards for organically-produced agricultural products. Accredits third-party certifiers who inspect production facilities. Enforces adherence to the NOP’s labeling requirements and issues penalties for violations of for certified organic products.
Funding: $15 million annually appropriated through FY 2018. Mandatory funding of $5 million in FY 2014, available until expended, to modernize the NOP database and technology systems.
History: Created in The Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990, Title 21 of the 1990 Farm Bill (P.L. 101-624, Title XXI), the NOP is assisted by the National Organic Standards Board when it comes to developing the standards and regulations for the program. 
Original Sponsor: Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Agricultural Marketing Services' site
Oregon Tilth
Organic Consumers Association
Organic Trade Association
The Cornucopia Institute

Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) & the Organic Cost-Share Program

Purpose: The AMA helps agricultural producers use conservation to manage risk and address natural resource issues through natural resources conservation. The program is available in 16 states (CT, DE, HI, ME, MD, MA, NV, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, UT, VT, WV, and WY) and is administered by the USDA's Natural Resource Conservation Service.
The National Organic Certification Cost-Share Program assists producers and handlers pursueing organic certification.
Funding: The AMA now has mandatory annual funding of $1.5 million through FY 2018. The Organic Cost-Share Program to be mandatorily provided $11.5 million annually, available until expended.
History: The Organic Cost-Share Program was created with the 2002 Farm Bill
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA's Natural Resouces Conservation Service Office
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition