Trade Programs

Title 3 is home to programs focused on international food aid and agricultural exports. The reforms of the 2014 Farm Bill dealt with improving food aid quality, compling with WTO trade issues, and avoiding disruptions in small foreign markets. 

Food for Peace Act

Purpose: A program consisting of four titles that authorizes foreign food assistance.
Title I, Economic Assistance & Food Security: allows developing countries and private entities to receive long-term, low-interest loans for their purchase of U.S. agricultural commodities to support specific projects.
Title II, Emergency & Private Assistance: Allows for the donation of U.S. agricultural commodities to meet emergency and nonemergency food needs. Building resilience to mitigate food crises and reduce need for emergency aid are new program objectives.
Title V, Farmer-to-Farmer Program: makes short-term volunteer technical assistance available to farmers, farm organizations, and agribusinesses in developing and transitional countries. 
Title I is administered by the USDA, while Titles II & V are administered by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). 
Funding: TItle II & V are the only programs currently receiving funding. Title II is annually authorized for up to $2.5 billion through FY 2018 (it has been averaging $1.9 billion); Title V has a minimum funding of $15 million through FY 2018.
History: The Food for Peace Act of 1966 created the basic structure of these programs along with Title III, which has been inactive since 2002.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USAID's Title II Program Page
InterAction
OIC International

Food for Progress Program

Purpose: Provides commodities to support countries that have made commitments to expand free enterprise and strengthentheir agricultural economies. This program is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: The Commodity Credit Corporation carries out the sale and export of US agricultural commodities on a credit or grant basis. These commodities are then donated by the USDA to implementing organizations. The USDA is authorized to pay up to $40 million annually in freight costs.
History: This program was created in the Food for Progress Act of 1985.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Program Page
US Food Aid and Security
AllAfrica
FINCA International

McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program

Purpose: Makes U.S. agricultural commodities, financial and technical assistance available to carry out food for education and child nutrition programs in foreign countries. This program is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: The program is to receive "such sums as necessary." 
History: This program was created in the 2002 Farm Bill.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Program Page
2011 US Government Accountability Office Report
InterAction

Local and Regional Procurement Program (LRP)

Purpose: For local and regional procurement of commodities for food aid to vulnerable populations. Preference may be given to eligible organizations that have, or are working toward, projects under the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program. This program is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: $80 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.
History: Created as a pilot program in the 2008 Farm Bill, it was made a permanent program with the 2014 Farm Bill.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
InterAction

Export Credit Guarantee Program

Purpose: Guarantees that credit be made available to finance commercial export sales of agricultural commodities. The Secretary of Agriculture is to implement the program to meet such terms as agreed upon between the United States and Brazil in the WTO cotton case. This program is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: Authorized to make $5.5 billion available annually through FY 2018.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Program Page
WTO Page on the Upland Cotton Subsidies Dispute

Market Access Program (MAP)

Purpose: Provides funding for export market development for U.S. agricultural commodities (generic and branded) by eligible trade organizations, as well as market development for organically-produced products. This is considered a WTO "green box" program. MAP is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: $200 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.
History: Created in the 1996 Farm Bill, MAP evolved out of the Market Promotion Program, which itself was created in 1990 Farm Bill to replace the 5 year old Target Export Assistance Program. These programs can be traced back to the 1978 Farm Bill.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Program Page
Western United States Agricultural Trade Association

Foreign Market Development Program (FMDP)

Purpose: Authorizes the USDA to establish and carry out a program to maintain and develop foreign markets for bulk or generic U.S. agricultural commodities and products. This program is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: $34.5 million to be made available annually through FY 2018.
History: FMDP was created in 1955.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Program Page

Emerging Markets Program (EMP)

Purpose: Assists U.S. organizations in the promotion of U.S. agricultural exports to countries that have or are developing market-oriented economies and have the potential to be viable commercial markets. The program is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: $10 million to be authorized annually through FY 2018.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Program Page

Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops (TASC)

Purpose: Allows the USDA to address barriers prohibiting or threatening exports of U.S. specialty crops (all cultivated plants except for wheat, feed grains, oilseeds, cotton, rice, peanuts, sugar, and tobacco.) The 2014 Farm Bill also requires the Secretary of Agriculture issue a 2014 report on the US market for Atlantic Spiny Dogfish. This program is administered by the USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service.
Funding: $9 million to be authorized annually through FY 2018.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service's Program Page