Research & Extension Programs

Title 7 reauthorizes various boards and programs from previous bills that allow the USDA to conduct agricultural research, and provide support for cooperative research, extension, and post-secondary agricultural education programs at the state level.

Foundation for Food and Agricultural Research

Purpose: A nonprofit corporation designed to supplement USDA’s basic and applied research activities, in the hopes of boosting the US's agricultural economy.
Funding: $200 million to be made available from the Commodity Credit Corporation.
History: This Foundation is created with the 2014 Farm Bill.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA July 2014 News Release

National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (NARETPA)

Purpose & Funding: 1) The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board: Provides advice to the Secretary of Agriculture and land-grant colleges and universities on top priorities and policies for food and agricultural research, education, extension and economics.
2) Competitive grant program with qualified entities to develop, implement, and sustain veterinary services. $10 million to be made annually available.
3) Grants/fellowships to land grant colleges and universities for food and agricultural sciences education. $40 million to be made annually available.
4) Grants for state agricultural experiment stations, colleges or universities, or other public research institutions to implement drought response programs. $5 million to be made annually available.
5) Grants for Alaska Native-serving institutions that assist in carrying out education, applied research, and related community development programs. $10 million to be made annually available.
6) Authorizes a national education program for disseminating results of food and human nutrition research performed or funded by USDA. $90 million to be made annually available.
7) Competitive grants & capacity and infrastructure programs for animal health and disease research. $25 million to be made annually available. 
8) Grants for upgrades at agricultural and food science facilities at land-grant institutions, & to support tropical agricultural research. $25 million & $8 million to be made annually available to be made annually available.
9) Grants for Hispanic-serving institutions to strengthen educational capacity. $40 million to be made annually available.
10) Grants for international agricultural science and education programs. $5 million to be made annually available.
11) For research on supplemental and alternative crops. $1 million to be made annually available.
12) Grants for a cooperative research and extension program to encourage the development, management, and production of aquatic food species. $5 million to be made annually available.
13) For rangeland research. $2 million to be made annually available.
14) For biosecurity planning/response. $20 million to be made available annually.
15) Grants for resident instruction & distance education grants for insular area institutions of higher education. $2 million to be made annually available.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Board's Page

Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Agriculture Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (AREERA)

Purpose & Funding: 1) Funds for the Integrated Research, Education, And Extension Competitive Grants Program.” This includes the Organic Transitions Program (ORG), which funds research, extension, and education programs to improve the competitiveness of organic producers and producers transitioning to organic practices. To be funded as necessary.
2) Funds research on diseases of wheat, triticale, and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia indica. $10 million to be annually appropriated.
3) Grants for youth organizations. $3 million to be annually appropriated.
4) Funds the Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI). Mandatory $80 million to be annually available. $25 million to be set aside each fiscal year for emergency citrus disease research.
5) Funds  the Office of Pest Management Policy to coordinate USDA’s policies and activities related to pesticides and pest management tools. $3 million to be annually appropriated.
 
Purpose & Funding: 1) Provides for research on best utilization of biological applications. $40 million to be annually appropriated. 
2) Provides for research and education program on integrated resource management and integrated crop management. $20 million to be annually appropriated.
3) Provides for information on sustainable agriculture, and education/training for Cooperative Extension Service agents and other professionals. $5 million and $20 million respectively to be annually appropriated.
4) Provides for a national genetics resources program. $1 million to be annually appropriated.
5) Provides for a national agricultural weather information system. $1 million to be annually appropriated.
6) Funds the Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative (OREI), which provides grants to facilitate the development of organic agriculture production and processing. Mandatory $20 million to be annually available, with an additional $25 million to be appropriated.
7) Funds competitive research and extension grants for improving the farm business management knowledge and skills of agricultural producers. $5 million to be annually appropriated.
8) Funds for an assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities. $5 million to be annually appropriated.
9) Funds the National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse. $500,000 to be annually appropriated.
 

Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI)

Purpose: Makes competitive grants for fundamental and applied research, and for purchasing research equipment.  This initiative is a part of the USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture.
Funding: $700 million to be made available annually through FY 2018.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's AFRI Page

Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program

Purpose: Offers grants for education, training, outreach and mentoring programs that will enhance the sustainability of the next generation of farmers. This program is a part of the USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture.
Funding: Mandatory $20 million to be made available annually through FY 2018. Not less than 5% is to be used to support beginning farmers who are military veterans.
2013 Sponsor: Senator Harkin (D-IA) and Representative Walz (D-MN)
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Program Page
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition

Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

Purpose & Funding: 1) Funds a communication center to prepare for an agricultural disease emergency or threat to agricultural biosecurity. $2 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.
2) Provides funds to build local capacity in agricultural biosecurity planning, preparedness, and response. $15 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.
3) Funds a competitive grant program to encourage basic and applied research and the development of qualified agricultural countermeasures to respond to an outbreak of plant disease. $5 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.
4) Funds a program of research relating to natural products, including products from plant, marine, and microbial sources. $7 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.
5) Funds bioenergy research programs through “sun” grants. The research is to enhance national energy security through the development, distribution, and implementation of biobased energy technologies. $75 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.
 

Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust Fund

Purpose: Provides payment to entities engaged in scientific research on diseases and pests; the dissemination and commercialization of relevant information, techniques, or technology to solve citrus production disease or pest problems; and the Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust Fund Advisory Board.
Funding: Mandatory $80 million to be made annually available from Commodity Credit Corporation through FY 2018, with $25 million of that to be set aside for emergency citrus disease research. An additional $25 million to be annually appropriated through FY 2018.
History: This program is created with the 2014 Farm Bill, originally being proposed for Title 12: Miscellaneous.
Original Sponsor: Senator Baucus (D-MT)