Energy Programs

Title 9 is devoted to creating renewable energy, with recent programs converging with the American biofuels industry.

Biobased Markets Program

Purpose: Requires federal agencies to purchase products with maximum biobased content subject to availability and flexibility and performance standards. The 2014 Farm bill established a targeted biobased-only procurement requirement for federal agencies. This program is also known as the BioPreferred® Program by the USDA.
Funding: Mandatory funding of $3 million and discretionary funding of $2 million for each fiscal year until 2018
History: The program was created by the 2002 Farm Bill, reauthorized in 2008 and again in 2014, with expansions. It is intended to spur economic development, create new jobs and provide new markets for farm commodities.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
BioPreferred.Gov
FarmEnergy.Org

Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels

Repowering Assistance Program

Biorefinery, Renewable Chemical, and Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program

Purpose: To assist in the development of new and emerging technologies for the development of advanced biofuel, renewable chemical and biobased product manufacturing facilities. This program is administered by the USDA Rural Development Office.
Funding: Mandatory funding of $100 million is provided for FY 2014 and $50 million per year for FY 2015 – 2016. Discretionary funding of $75 million per year though FY 2018.
History: This program was established in the 2008 Farm Bill as the Biorefinery Assistance Program.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA's Rural Development Program Page
FarmEnergy.Org
Taxpayers for Common Sense
 
Purpose: Provides funds to reduce or eliminate the use of fossil fuels for processing or power in biorefineries in existence at enactment. It encourages the use of renewable biomass as a replacement fuel source for fossil fuels used to provide process heat or power. This program is administered by the USDA Rural Development Office.
Funding: $12 million for 2014, plus $10 million in discretionary funding per year from 2015 to 2018.
History: This program was established in the 2008 Farm Bill. 
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA's Rural Development Program Page
FarmEnergry.Org
Taxpayers for Common Sense
 
Purpose: Provides payments to producers to support and expand production of advanced biofuels refined from sources other than corn kernel starch. This program is administered by the USDA Rural Development Office.
Funding: Mandatory funding of $15 million per year through 2018, with an additional $20 million available per year for discretionary funding. 
History: The program was established by Executive Order in 1999, and funded through the 2002 and 2008 Farm Bills.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA's Rural Development Program Page
FarmEnergy.Org
Taxpayers for Common Sense

Biodiesel Fuel Education Program

Purpose: Awards competitive grants to nonprofit organizations that educate fleet operators and the public on biodiesel benefits. The FY 2014 program will focus on educational programs that support advances in infrastructure, technology transfer, fuel quality, fuel safety and increasing feedstock production.
Funding: Mandatory funding of $1 million annually throgh FY 2018.
History: Established in the 2002 Farm Bill, the program was reauthorized in 2008 and 2014.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture Program Page
FarmEnergry.Org

Rural Energy for America Program (REAP)

Purpose: Provides competitive grants and loan guarantees to agricultural producers, rural small businesses and rural electric cooperatives for a broad range of renewable energy and energy efficiency technology installations and improvements. The program is administered by the USDA's Rural Business Service.
Funding: Mandatory funding of $50 million per year until 2018, with an additional $100 million allowed in discretionary funding. There is a three-tiered application system REAwith simpler applications for the smallest projects and increasing application complexity as a project size increases. 
History: REAP was created in the 2008 Farm Bill by combining the Energy Efficiency Improvements and Renewable Energy Systems Program with other grants for energy audits and assistance in using renewable energy technology and resources found in the 2002 Farm Bill.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA Rural Development Program Page
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
FarmEnergy.Org
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition

Biomass Research & Development Initiative (BRDI)

Purpose: Provides competitive funding as grants, contracts, and financial assistance for the research, development, and demonstration of technologies and processes leading to commercial production of biofuels and biobased products. Coordination between USDA and DOE happens through the Biomass Research and Development Board.
Funding: Mandatory funding of $3 million annually through FY 2017. $20 million to be appropriated annually through FY 2018.  
History: Originally created by the Biomass Research & Development Act of 2000 [P.L. 106-224; Title III], and extended by the 2008 and 2014 Farm Bills.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
BiomassBoard.Gov
FarmEnergry.Org
Taxpayers for Common Sense

Feedstock Flexibility Program

Purpose: Authorizes use of Commodity Credit Corporation funds to purchase sugar (intended for food use but deemed to be in surplus) for resale as a biomass feedstock to produce bioenergy. The program is only implemented in years where purchases are determined to be necessary to ensure that the sugar program operates at no cost to the federal government. This is administered by the USDA's Farm Service Agency.
Funding: Unknown
History: Established in the 2008 Farm Bill
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA's Farm Service Agency Program Page

Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP)

Purpose: Promotes the cultivation of bioenergy crops that show promise for producing highly energy-efficient, advanced bioenergy or biofuels, and to develop those new crops and cropping systems in a manner that preserves natural resources. The program is administered by the USDA's Farm Service Agency.
Funding: Mandatory funding of $25 million per year for 2014 – 2018
History: BCAP was created in the 2008 Farm Bill as part of a set of bioenergy program to be administered by the USDA that focused on non-corn-ethanol biofuels. (CRS)
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
USDA's Farm Service Agency's Program Page
Congressional Research Service report (R41296)
FarmEnergy.Org
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition
Taxpayers for Common Sense

Community Wood Energy Program

Purpose: Provides grants to state or local governments to plan and install wood energy systems in community facilities. 
Funding: Grants of up to $50,000 are authorized. $5 million annually appropriated through FY 2018.
History: CWEP was established by the 2008 farm bill.
For More Information, Visit These Sites:
The USDA's Program Page
Alliance for Green Heat
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance

© 2014 by Siobhan Wallace. Proudly created with Wix.com

 

Disclaimer: This is an aggregated site, meaning most of the information found within is from another publicly available source. The majority of the program information can be found in the Congressional Research Service's "The Farm Bill (P.L. 113-79): Summary and Side-by-Side" report, as well as the program respective USDA page.